[26] He was unable to achieve a lasting peace in his domains and within forty years of his death, nearly all his territories were lost to external invasions. If I do not cheer them, how will it be done?" Nonetheless, they placed Abu Sa'id Mirza as their king in Samarkand and laid siege to the city. This worsened when Uzun Hasan convinced Farrukh Yassar to defect from the Timurids, resulting in a large number of desertions. [12], When Abu Sa'id annexed Balkh in 1454, another Timurid, Abul-Qasim Babur of Herat, led his forces against him in response, culminating in a siege on Samarqand. Given that his rival was killed during the battle, the victors were able to enter Samarqand unopposed. 1840. Abu Sa'id, who desired to conquer the city as well as the surrounding region of Khorasan, led his forces against Ibrahim, forcing the latter to flee. Once, when these devotees of Islam were being victimised by physical torment, the Holy Prophet(saw) passed by coincidentally. Sultan passed away on month day 1469, at age 45. When the army reached the banks of the Araxes, the Shirvanshah Farrukh Yassar too joined in the coalition. [15], Noting the conflict among the Timurid princes, Jahan Shah, ruler of the Qara Qoyunlu, took advantage of the situation and marched his forces into the region, capturing Herat in 1458. [27] When the army tax-collector Khwaja Mu'izz al-Din and moneychanger Shaikh Ahmad were accused of bribery and extortion in 1462, Abu Sa'id had the pair brutally executed. Abu Sa'id Mirza was born in 1424, the second son of the Timurid prince Muhammad Mirza by his wife Shah Islam. Abdullah ibn Mas’ud relates: I visited the Holy Prophet and he had fever. Shaikh Ahmad was skinned alive at the gates of Herat, while Khwaja Mu'izz al-Din was boiled in a cauldron at the foot of the citadel. He was born in the year 855 [A.D. 1451], the year Sultan Abu-Sa'id Mirza took the throne. [9] The Bukhari nobles hastened to release the prince and swore their allegiance to him, upon which he immediately marched against the new ruler, Ulugh Beg's nephew Abdullah Mirza. Abu Sa'id Mirza (Chagatay/Persian: ابو سعید میرزا‎; 1424 – 8 February 1469) was the ruler of the Timurid Empire during the mid-fifteenth century. [21], However, Abu Sa'id's situation during this time was relatively favourable. His father made an expedition to the … The lack of food, winter clothing, riding and transport animals as well as continual surprise raids by the Aq Qoyunlu undermined the morale of Abu Sa'id's troops. They had 3 sons: Umar Sheikh Mirza and 2 other children. [1][2], His father appears to have had little involvement in political matters,[3] though Muhammad Mirza did maintain a close relationship with his influential cousin Ulugh Beg, son of the ruling sultan Shah Rukh and governor of Transoxiana. He also paid little attention to declarations of friendship and peaceful intentions from Uzun Hasan which reached him en route. "[42], However, in spite of his achievements, Abu Sa'id failed in his endeavour to restore the Timurid Empire to its extent at the time of Timur, or even that of Shah Rukh. Abu Sa'id Mirza (Chagatay/Persian: ابو سعید میرزا‎; 1424 – 8 February 1469) was the ruler of the Timurid Empire during the mid-fifteenth century. Painting, Sultan Abu Sa'id Mirza of Kurasan, opaque watercolour and gold on paper, Sikh, probably Punjab Plain, ca. [41], Views on Abu Sa'id tend to be favourable based on his success in maintaining a large, cohesive dominion for nearly two decades, in spite of being involved in a near continual state of warfare. [3], Abu Sa'id was given a role at Ulugh Beg's court, later receiving his daughter in marriage through good service. "[42], However, in spite of his achievements, Abu Sa'id failed in his endeavour to restore the Timurid Empire to its extent at the time of Timur, or even that of Shah Rukh. Ulugh Beg could no longer remain on the Amu Darya and at great personal risk to himself, abandoned the field with his men and left for Samarkand. Abu Said seated on a throne.png 777 × 1,009; 1.05 MB. He was a son of Miran Shah and a grandson of Timur.Reign 1405–1409. .. Add an external link to your content for free. Sultan Mahmud Mirza married Sultan Nigar Khanum and had 1 child. Abu Sa'id's eldest son Sultan Ahmad received Samarqand, while his second son Sultan Mahmud gained Badakhshan and Hissar. Also, Ragheb said: Because divine goodness springs from an ever - continuous source in an unlimited manner, it is said that anything which noticeably multiplies or, increases is Mubarak, or, blessed. [22] In return, the tribe was greatly favoured, with it being notable that Abu Sa'id's chief wife was the daughter of an Arghun lord. Three days afterwards Abu Sa'id Mirza was made over to Yadgar Muhammad Mirza, son of Sultan Muham­mad Mirza, son of Baysonqor, son of Shahrukh Mirza who was an ally of Uzun Hasan. [22][26] The 15th century historian Mīr-Khvānd in his Rawżat aṣ-ṣafāʾ described Abu Sa'id as "supreme amongst the princes of the House of Timur in high enterprise, lofty rank and perfect discernment. Some important strongholds were not captured and were even bypassed entirely, such as the city of Ray. [16] The sultan even succeeded in conquering Badakhshan, a region which Timur himself had gained only nominal suzerainty over. Among other policies, he began tax provisions which favoured agriculture and made improvements to existing irrigation systems. and Qutluq Negār Khānum Husband of Sultan Nigar Khanim Father of Sultan Vais Mirza Brother of Babur; Jahangir Mirza II Umar Sheikh Mirza II and Nasir Mirza. Biography. Abu Sa'id al-Afif was a Samaritan physician in fifteenth century Cairo. A third son, Ulugh Beg II, became ruler of Kabul and Ghazni while the fourth, Umar Shaikh, inherited Ferghana. [21], However, Abu Sa'id's situation during this time was relatively favourable. However, upon Ulugh Beg's ascension to the Timurid throne following the death of Shah Rukh, Abu Sa'id turned against his benefactor. Shaikh Ahmad was skinned alive at the gates of Herat, while Khwaja Mu'izz al-Din was boiled in a cauldron at the foot of the citadel. [10] When Abdullah marched his forces out in retaliation, Abu Sa'id appealed to the Uzbek ruler Abu'l-Khayr Khan for aid. Sultan Abu Saeed Mirza was born in 1424, at birth place, to Sultan Muhammed Mirza. Sultan Abu Saeed Mirza, 1424 - 1469 Sultan Abu Saeed Mirza 1424 1469. However, Abdal-Latif used this distraction to his advantage, pursuing and defeating Ulugh Beg, who he had assassinated soon after. [note 1] It was also partially through the shaikh's persuasion that Abu Sa'id launched his final, fatal campaign against the Aq Qoyunlu. He was a friend and patron of scholars, theologians and men of letters, and during the period of his rule the lands of Turkistan, Turan, Khorasan, Zabulistan, Sistan and Mazandaran attained the zenith of prosperity. However, he found little support there and was imprisoned, only being spared execution when news of Abdal-Latif's death reached the city. Mirza Abū Saʿīd Baig Mohammed Khan or Abū Saʿīd Mirza (Chagatay/Persian: ابو سعید میرزا ‎‎) was the son of Muḥammad son of Miran Shah son of Amir Timur (Herat, 1424–1469), and was a Timurid Empire ruler in Transoxiana, Khurasan and the southern Caspian region, what is today parts of Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Iran, Azerbaijan and Afghanistan and member … [15] The scholar Khwandamir reports that court officials were deposed and sometimes killed for misappropriating funds, including Abu Sa'id's vizier Qutb al-Din Simnani. Abu Sa'id made use of the authority of either shaikh depending on the circumstance. Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). The latter agreed and their combined forces defeated Abdullah in June 1451. The latter agreed and their combined forces defeated Abdullah in June 1451. Abu Sa'id faced similar threats from another descendant of Umar Shaikh, Sultan Husayn Bayqara. [28], He is generally seen as a typical representative of the Turkmen military aristocracy. Born a minor prince of the Timurid dynasty, Abu Sa'id quickly established himself as the most prominent among his warring relations. In addition to this, he quickly succeeded in blocking all routes through which reinforcements could be brought, and mounted attacks from Ray against Timurid communications. In 1454, Uways Mirza, a descendant of Timur's eldest son Umar Shaikh, started an uprising with the aid of Abu'l-Khayr Khan, Abu Sa'id's erstwhile ally, during which the latter suffered a serious defeat. However, the greatest of the new Timurid rulers was not one of Abu Sa'id's sons, but rather Husayn Bayqara, who reigned from his former overlord's capital of Herat. Abul-Qasim Babur's ousted son Mahmud also died around this time. [24], Abu Sa'id's death resulted in the final loss of all Timurid lands west of Khorasan. Upon his father's death, Abu Sa'd ... More info. Dynasty Timurid dynasty Father Miran Shah Religious beliefs Sunni. Though he did manage to dislodge the Aq Qoyunlu governors of Iraq-i Ajam and Fars, as well as having his authority recognised in areas such as Gilan, he did not do enough to establish order in the hinterland as he advanced. [33], It is perhaps in response to these types of uprisings that Abu Sa'id developed a special interest in agriculture and the welfare of peasants. was the ruler of the Fergana Valley. The year 1810 proved worst for Janjua Rajputs Umar Sheikh Mirza II (1456– 10 June 1494) was the ruler of Farghana Valley.He was the fourth son of Abu Sa'id Mirza and father of Babur.. Family. to Ghiyas ud-din Mansur Mirza son of Bayqarah Mirza I son of Umar Shaikh Mirza I son of Amir Timur Beg Gurkani. The marriage was consummated on 18 September. This includes Abu Sa'id's execution of Gawhar Shad, which was viewed negatively by contemporary chroniclers. Qutlugh Nigar Khanum (m. 1475), daughter of Yunus Khan. Abu Sa'id made use of the authority of either shaikh depending on the circumstance. [25], Abu Sa'id was able to bring stability to the internal situation of his empire, in a region that had previously been subject to the conflicts of multiple bellicose factions. Abu Sa'id faced similar threats from another descendant of Umar Shaikh, Sultan Husayn Bayqara. ^ … [20], It seems that this campaign was an impulsive undertaking, with little initial planning being involved. The latter came with Sulaiman Shah willingly back to his father, where he was deposed of his governorship and assigned to his father's company for four years. The daughters of Abu-sa'id Sultan Mirza, who have been deprived of father and brothers! + 6. Although he was later expelled from these lands, Husayn Bayqara nevertheless continued to make raids into Abu Sa'id's territories with impunity. However, these losses eventually pushed his grandson Babur to begin his conquests in the Indian subcontinent, leading to the foundation of the Mughal Empire.[22][43][44]. [22] What remained of the empire was divided among various princes. Sultan married Shah Sultan Begum. In 1461, Muhammad Juki, son of Abdal-Latif, also rose in rebellion. The word "Gurkani" derives from "Gurkan", a Persianized form of the Mongolian word "Kuragan" meaning "son-in-law". Abu Sa’id Mirz a or Mirza Abū Saʿīd Baig Mohammed Khan was an important member of the Timurid Dynasty, dynasty of the great conqueror Timur or Tamburlaine. Son, make me testament, Abu Sa id begged. Mirza Abu'l-Fadl Gulpaygani writes the following eye … The marriage took place on 30 August 1684. These women were recorded to have travelled to, The background of Umar Shaikh's mother is uncertain, though, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Abu_Sa%27id_Mirza&oldid=994982969, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Persian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Rabia Sultan Begum, daughter of his paternal uncle Muhammad Timur Mirza and Khand Sultan Begi, Malik Sultan Begum, daughter of Ordu Bugha Tarkhan Arghun, Khanzada Begum, daughter of Khanzada Taj-al-Din Tirmizi, Saliha Sultan Agha, daughter of Chake Barlas, Dawlat Bakht Agha, daughter of Qazan Shaikh Mughal, Kanizak Begi Agha, daughter of Shaikh Yusuf Ilke, Umid Agha, daughter of Sultan Ahmad, son of Ghiyas Beg, Qutlugh Begi Agha, daughter of Muhammad son of Khudaidad, former wife of, Khurshid Begi Aghacha, daughter of Murad Akhtaji, Dilshad Aghacha, daughter of Amir Buzurg, son of Amir Bayan, Bay Malik Aghacha, daughter of Jan Darvish, Aafaq Aghacha Kukaltash, foster sister of, Shahum Aghacha, daughter of Amir Yahya Qushji, Hanifa Sultan Aghacha, daughter of Amir Ajab Mughal, Dawlat Sultan Aghacha, daughter of Rustam Tuta, Makhdum Aghacha, relative of Sultan Muhammad, son of Ghiyas Beg, Sa'adat Bakht Aghacha, daughter of Ali Araka, Pirzada of Baghdad, Gohar Sultan Aghacha, daughter of Khwaja Rasti, Subur Sultan Aghacha, daughter of Abd al-Shaikh. According to some, his title was Abul A’war, and others are of the opinion that it was Abu Sawd. The population belongs to Mirza / Mughal and Rajput Jalap tribes. [22] However, another powerful dervish, Burhan al-Din, titled "Shaikh al-Islam", also held great power in the royal court. Ulugh Beg could no longer remain on the Amu Darya and at great personal risk to himself, abandoned the field with his men and left for Samarkand. Abu Sa'id Abu Sa'id (Timurid dynasty) Sultan Abu Sa'id Mirza In 1454 Babur invaded Transoxiana, then under the control of Abu Sa'id Mirza in retaliation for the latter's seizure of Balkh. Abu Sa'id Mirza was the ruler of the Timurid Empire during the mid-fifteenth century. He was a friend and patron of scholars, theologians and men of letters, and during the period of his rule the lands of Turkistan, Turan, Khorasan, Zabulistan, Sistan and Mazandaran attained the zenith of prosperity. [22] However, another powerful dervish, Burhan al-Din, titled "Shaikh al-Islam", also held great power in the royal court. Barakah means: multiplication, felicity and abundance; as Taj al-Arous clarifies. [41], Views on Abu Sa'id tend to be favourable based on his success in maintaining a large, cohesive dominion for nearly two decades, in spite of being involved in a near continual state of warfare. Umar Shaikh Mirza, son of Abu Sa'id Mirza, was Babur's father. Ahrar's influence held sway among the common people as well as the army, while Burhan al-Din's cultural interests more closely aligned with that of the government, which proved useful when faced with popular uprisings. A third son, Ulugh Beg II, became ruler of Kabul and Ghazni while the fourth, Umar Shaikh, inherited Ferghana. Reasonator; PetScan; Scholia; Statistics; Search depicted; Media in category "Abu Sa'id Mirza" The following 2 files are in this category, out of 2 total. [3], Abu Sa'id was given a role at Ulugh Beg's court, later receiving his daughter in marriage through good service. 04 Abu Said Mirza ibne Muhammad Mirza Born1424 BirthplaceHerat to … His mother was the daughter of Suhrab Kurd and a relative of Izz al-din Shir of Hakkari, who was a former adversary of Timur's. Already suffering from difficulties posed by the Azerbaijani winter, the troops began to face serious supply issues. Find link is a tool written by Edward Betts.. searching for Abu Sa'id Mirza 2 found (70 total) alternate case: abu Sa'id Mirza Hasan Buzurg (1,125 words) exact match in snippet view article find links to article Chupan. ^ Schechter, Solomon et al. She was [Sultan Abu-Sa'id] Mirza's principal wife. The most prominent among these dervishes was the Sufi Naqshbandi shaikh, Ubaydullah al-Ahrar, with whom the sultan shared a close relationship. [16][17] Friendly relations were established between the two rulers, with multiple embassy missions taking place throughout the 1460s. Already suffering from difficulties posed by the Azerbaijani winter, the troops began to face serious supply issues. [37] Buildings include an aiwan at the musalla in Herat,[38] repairs to Ghār-i Karukh which includes an inscription,[39][40] and construction of a spa and bath at Ūba (Obeh), a "resort for the Timurids" in their summer quarters. Sultan Mahmud Mirza (c. 1453 – January 1495) was a prince of Timurid branch of Transoxiana, son of Abu Sa'id Mirza. This treaty remained in effect until Abul-Qasim Babur's death in 1457, when his young son and successor Mahmud was ousted from Herat by Ibrahim Mirza, a great-nephew of Ulugh Beg. Abu Sa'id Mirza was born in 1424, the second son of the Timurid prince Muhammad Mirza by his wife Shah Islam. This became clear when Abu Sa'id began to advance without waiting for all his troops to arrive, thus failing to ensure that he had adequate reserves. Abu Sa’id and Abu Hurairah relate that the Holy Prophet said: Whatever trouble, illness, anxiety, grief, hurt or sorrow afflicts a Muslim, even the pricking of a thorn, but Allah removes in its stead some of his defaults (Bokhari and Muslim). He was the eldest of all Sultan Abu-Sa'id's sons. Jahan Shah's sons Yusuf and Hasan Ali, as well as the latter's son Amirzada Ali, also lent their support. Following Jahan Shah's death, there were a fair number of his former amirs who were eager to support a new leader in a fight against Uzun Hasan. This includes Abu Sa'id's execution of Gawhar Shad, which was viewed negatively by contemporary chroniclers. Following Jahan Shah's death, there were a fair number of his former amirs who were eager to support a new leader in a fight against Uzun Hasan. The marriage took place on 30 August 1684. Upon his father's death, Abu Sa'd ... More info. Consorts. Abul-Qasim Babur's ousted son Mahmud also died around this time. Therefore, under the pretext of responding to Jahan Shah's son Hasan Ali's appeal for aid, Abu Sa'id launched a campaign against the Aq Qoyunlu in February 1468. [9] The Bukhari nobles hastened to release the prince and swore their allegiance to him, upon which he immediately marched against the new ruler, Ulugh Beg's nephew Abdullah Mirza. Sultan Husayn Mirza Bayqarah Vs Abu Sa'id Mirza. Sultan-Ahmad Mirza His birth and lineage. References[edit]. He was later part of the retinue of Muhammadi Mirza and Jahan Shah during their expeditions to Damghan and Khurasan in 1457–1458. [13] However, he was unable to capture the city until 1456. Jahan Shah had already had great success in conquering much of the western Timurid territories. [18], However, other Timurid princes remained who continued to challenge his rule. [16] The sultan even succeeded in conquering Badakhshan, a region which Timur himself had gained only nominal suzerainty over. "[36] Other public works attributed to him include repairs to the Gulistān dam "while at the same time appropriating the lands it watered". Unlike Ahrar, Burhan al-Din sought to the preserve the traditions of Ulugh Beg. Jahan Shah's sons Yusuf and Hasan Ali, as well as the latter's son Amirzada Ali, also lent their support. [15], Noting the conflict among the Timurid princes, Jahan Shah, ruler of the Qara Qoyunlu, took advantage of the situation and marched his forces into the region, capturing Herat in 1458. Abu Sa'id Mirza of Timurid dynasty, was the paternal grandfather of Babur. However, he found little support there and was imprisoned, only being spared execution when news of Abdal-Latif's death reached the city. Rabia Sultan Begum, daughter of his paternal uncle Muhammad Timur Mirza and Khand Sultan Begi, Malik Sultan Begum, daughter of Ordu Bugha Tarkhan Arghun, Khanzada Begum, daughter of Khanzada Taj-al-Din Tirmizi, Saliha Sultan Agha, daughter of Chake Barlas, Dawlat Bakht Agha, daughter of Qazan Shaikh Mughal, Kanizak Begi Agha, daughter of Shaikh Yusuf Ilke, Umid Agha, daughter of Sultan Ahmad, son of Ghiyas Beg, Qutlugh Begi Agha, daughter of Muhammad son of Khudaidad, former wife of, Khurshid Begi Aghacha, daughter of Murad Akhtaji, Dilshad Aghacha, daughter of Amir Buzurg, son of Amir Bayan, Bay Malik Aghacha, daughter of Jan Darvish, Aafaq Aghacha Kukaltash, foster sister of, Shahum Aghacha, daughter of Amir Yahya Qushji, Hanifa Sultan Aghacha, daughter of Amir Ajab Mughal, Dawlat Sultan Aghacha, daughter of Rustam Tuta, Makhdum Aghacha, relative of Sultan Muhammad, son of Ghiyas Beg, Sa'adat Bakht Aghacha, daughter of Ali Araka, Pirzada of Baghdad, Gohar Sultan Aghacha, daughter of Khwaja Rasti, Subur Sultan Aghacha, daughter of Abd al-Shaikh. [35] However, there are some works which have been credited to him. His father was a son of Miran Shah , himself the third son of Timur . [14] The following year, Abu Sa'id had Shah Rukh's aged widow, the influential dowager-empress Gawhar Shad executed, having accused her of conspiring with Ibrahim, who was her great-grandson. Nonetheless, they placed Abu Sa'id Mirza as their king in Samarkand and laid siege to the city. His mother was the daughter of Suhrab Kurd and a relative of Izz al-din Shir of Hakkari, who was a former adversary of Timur's. Hazrat Sa‘id bin Zaid (ra) was the son of Zaid bin Amr and Fatimah bint Ba’jah and he belonged to the tribe of Adiyy bin Ka’b bin Lu’ayy. His father gave him the government of Hisar and Termez in 1459 (according to Babur Astarabad), but lost to Sultan Husayn Mirza Bayqara according Babur gave two major battles: at Astarabad, where he was defeated and Chikman (Sarai) near Andikhud equally defeated, around 1465, returning to Herat. Allah will bring out from concealment al-Mahdi from my family and just before the day of Judgment; even if only one day were to remain in the life of the world, and he will spread on this earth justice … He visited al-Jonaid in Baghdad, and died at Nishapur in 298 (911). Bin Abdullah (Before Prophet Hood) THE BLESSED BIRTH Amidst that tumultuous environment of pre-Islamic Arabia, filled with all manifestations of misguidance, perversion and oppression, Muhammad bin Abdullah bin Abdul-Muttalib (s.a.w.) `` Umar Shaikh, Ubaydullah al-Ahrar, with little initial planning being involved with whom the shared! He moved to Nishapur where he came under the influence of Abu Sa'id Mirza invaded Jurjan Sultan... Later founded the Mughal Empire of India Abdal-Latif Mirza years previously, Yadigar had Abu Sa'id 's territories impunity. 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