The Jews have a saying somewhat like this; "he that lessens himself for the words of the law in this world, , "he shall become great" in the world to come (n),''. MP3 Audio (5.26 MB) Mr. Greene talks about the meaning of Matthew 5:19 on this day of Pentecost. See what over 145,000 subscribers are already receiving each day. Jesus said to his disciples: "Do not think that I have come to abolish the law or the prophets. McFall seeks to discredit Matthew 19… God's intent for it is very important to our lives. CHAPTER 5:17-20 TEXT: Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, … Are Some Sins Worse Than Others? “Blessed” means … Jude 1:11. Bava Metzia, fol. In this case, it does not mean “accomplishes by keeping” or “does away with,” as judged against what He taught in what immediately follows. Thus, sandwiched between righteousness and letting one's light shine comes an explanation that He did not come to do away with the law but to fill it to the full, to help us understand its ultimate application—its spiritual intent. Are we going to believe Jesus or those who contradict what He says? The New Testament expounds Old Testament principles and laws, and Jesus specifically says He did not come to invalidate them. : οὗν pointing to a natural inference from what goes before. The Bereans "received the word with all readiness, and searched the Scriptures daily to find out whether these things were so" (Acts 17:10-11). 3. that they who pretend that there are any laws of God so small that they need not obey them, are unworthy of his kingdom. Tithing, however, was not generally questioned at the time; it was not a theological issue like circumcision and the eating of meats sacrificed in an idol's temple. To keep God's law properly, we have to learn to recognize the spirit of the law. An essay by British writer Leslie McFall recently generated interest among some Bible students in America. Jesus knew the spirit of the Sabbath commandment. Some Bibles title this paragraph, “Jesus Fulfills the Law.”The sense in which many professing Christians use the term “fulfills” is not inspired Scripture. Matthew 5:14-16, light of the world 5:14 You are the light of the world. Because of Jesus' insight into the divine purpose behind the Sabbath, He freed the crippled worshipper of his burden. Far from doing away with God's commandments, He raises the standards of acceptable behavior far higher. Yesode Hattorah, c. 9. sect. 2. 5 The Pharisees and the experts in the law asked him, “Why do your disciples not live according to the tradition of the elders, but eat with unwashed hands?” 6 He said to them, “Isaiah prophesied correctly about you hypocrites, as it is written: ‘This people honors me with their lips, but their heart is far from me. and shall teach men so—referring to the Pharisees and their teaching, as is plain from Mt 5:20, but of course embracing all similar schools and teaching in the Christian Church. Men might aim at a positive standard of the greatness of the true teacher and the true worker, but the conscious aim at being “greatest” was self-frustrating. Matthew 5:27-30 shows the same pattern in this teaching on the seventh commandment: You have heard that it was said to those of old, “You shall not commit adultery.” But I say to you that whoever looks at a woman to lust for her has already committed adultery with her in his heart. It is the least in terms of the world's regard and respect when compared with the other nine. Though all desires for grace are not grace, yet such a desire as this, is a desire of God's own raising, and he will not forsake the work of his own hands. That is human nature's thinking, not God's thinking. They which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God, ΤῶΝ ἘΝΤΟΛῶΝ ΤΟΎΤΩΝ ΤῶΝ ἘΛΑΧΊΣΤΩΝ, ὃς δʼ ἂν ποιήσῃ καὶ διδάξῃ, ἐν τῂ βασιλείᾳ τὼν οὐρανῶν, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. See Matthew 23:23. those mentioned in the preceding verse, which should make the first verse of this chapter. John W. Ritenbaugh By the time the author of Matthew recounts the Beatitudes, half of a century had passed since Jesus changed the world in his early thirties. Here, Jesus was so specific about the continuance of the law from the Old Covenant to the New that He referred to the smallest punctuation and pronunciation marks contained in the written law, the "jot and tittle.". New International Version 19 Therefore anyone who sets aside one of the least of these commands and teaches others accordingly will be called least in the kingdom of heaven, but whoever practices and teaches these commands will be called great in the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:18-19 To strengthen the argument, He mentions righteousness in verse 20. Show the volunteers who … The church binds up evil, sin, and the demonic rule on the earth. Our witness does not have to bring about the conversion of others to be effective, because conversion is in God's hands anyway. God's law is always a blessing to those who recognize the spirit of the law. Not only does Jesus, our Savior, emphatically proclaim that He was not doing away with portions of God's Word (the Old Testament), but He also specifically charges us to keep the commandments and teach them. 13 “You are the salt of the earth. In His Sermon on the Mount, He paraphrased six Old Testament laws or principles, giving their intended meanings. But with God, all things are possible (Mt 19:26). Keeping God's commandments keeps people free. To bring the kingdom rule on earth “as it [currently] is in heaven” (Mt 6:10). '', "it is lawful sometimes to make void the law, and to do that which appears to be forbidden.''. To that condemnation many in every age of the Church have been liable, the Anthiomian fanatic and the Jesuit casuist standing so far on the same footing. The true Christian needs both the written letter of the law as well as its spirit to keep it properly. Other Forerunner Commentary entries containing Matthew 5:19: Genesis 1:26-28 This is not a commandment that can be just shoved aside; it cannot be taken for granted any more than any of the other nine. It is parallel to verse 18 where it says, "not one jot or one tittle," the least things that are part of the law of God. 85. Shall be called least - That is, shall be least. The spirit of the law means God's original intent or purpose behind each law. The mission of the church is to bring people into the kingdom. Matthew 5:19. 5:15 Neither do you light a lamp, and put it under a measuring basket, but on a stand; and it shines to all who are in the house. Clearly, if people keep the seventh commandment, it keeps the world free from adultery and fornication. What is the meaning of those who were raised to life at Jesus’ death (Matthew 27:52-53)? There was a time that a group of people, the Pharisees, contrary to most of the rest of the world, believed that the keeping of the Sabbath was the most important of the commandments. Which are to be understood not of the beatitudes in the preceding verses, for these were not delivered by Christ under the form of commandments; nor of any of the peculiar commands of Christ under the Gospel dispensation; but of the precepts of the law, of which some were comparatively lesser than others; and might be said … If people keep the ninth commandment, it keeps the world free of deceit. James : Not right doing only, still less right teaching only, but both together, made up the ideal of the preacher’s work. All this made these "separatists" very unattractive witnesses; they were in reality an embodiment of a rejection of God's intention of what a witness should be. ((n) T. Bab. Fulfills, in this case, means “fills to the full,” “fully exemplifies the conduct it covers,” or “expands to its fullest intent.” Consider His subsequent illustrations carefully: You have heard that it was said to those of old, “You shall not murder, and whoever murders will be in danger of the judgment.” But I say to you that whoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment. The Pharisees, by dividing the law into greater and lesser precepts, made no small part of it void by their traditions and divisions, Matthew 23:23; Matthew 15:3-6. Even though officially admitting that the day is commanded in the Bible, the Catholic Church thinks it has the authority to change it. One would have to be quite obstinate to believe there is no connection between them. Resume Prayer. Sorrow can do two things for us. 1. So the reforms that were begun under Ezra were taken to radical extremes by people after he died. God's involvement in our lives should give us freedom, as well as security against our fears of living and being this way. For there has been changes: 1) In the priesthood - He 7:11-14 2) In the Law itself - He 7:18-19,22 b. 79. The Lord Jesus had just announced that He did not come to destroy the Law but to fulfil both the Law and the prophetic writings and then He continued to explain that not until heaven and earth pass away will the smallest jot or tiniest tittle of the Law pass - for all things had to be accomplished. Their conclusions, though begun with good intentions, were worldly, and their keeping of the Sabbath, in that way, was just as wrong as the liberal tendencies that most of the world has toward the Sabbath. Why Hebrews Was Written (Part One), The letter of the law that the Pharisees tried to keep was not enough—especially for us. A city located on a hill can’t be hidden. He that attempted it should be the least of all. If people keep the eighth commandment, it keeps the world free of stealing. (k) Hilch. John W. Ritenbaugh New Covenant Priesthood (Part Two). But if salt loses its taste, with what … But whoever says, “You fool!” shall be in danger of hell fire. When a religious system has lasted long, and is wearing towards its decline and fall, there are always such men. By a careful reading of what Jesus says here, we can see that He was not speaking about whether God considers breaking these lesser laws to be sin—He does—but about how our keeping of God's law affects our future position in His Kingdom. Shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven. This is where we have to begin. It is parallel to verse 18 where it says, "not one jot or one tittle," the least things that are part of the law of God . Yet, men ignore this and say that keeping the commandments is no longer necessary. This is quite a plateful, but these are qualities that make God's way engaging and an attractive witness. Matthew 5:18-19. but whosoever shall do and teach them—whose principles and teaching go to exalt the authority and honor of God's law, in its lowest as well as highest requirements. When I pray the Gospels, Jesus is present, helping me to see my best way forward. commandments. Neither the Pharisees nor most of the people who have lived on this planet have ever grasped God's intent for the Sabbath. Malachi 3:6 When God designed the Sabbath, for example, He intended it to be a blessing to human beings. How many people in the church think of breaking the fourth commandment in terms of immorality? In our Father's house there are many mansions, whose Builder and Maker is God. Because so much of this world's thinking carries right on into the church, some of us are thinking in much the same way the world does. God's is a law that liberates. 5. The Similes of Salt and Light. If it were not the case, he would not have said: “except for immorality.”. Matthew : Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least. But they may be reconciled with Matthew 5:17, as above interpreted. 5. Matthew 5: 32 and Matthew 19: 9 are important verses in a study of biblical marriage. Maimonides says (i), that the sanhedrim had power, when it was convenient, for the time present, to make void an affirmative command, and to transgress a negative one, in order to return many to their religion; or to deliver many of the Israelites from stumbling at other things, they may do whatsoever the present time makes necessary: for so, adds he, the former wise men say, a man may profane one sabbath, in order to keep many sabbaths. Shall be called great - He that teaches that all the law of God is binding, and that the whole of it should be obeyed, without attempting to specify what is most important, shall be a teacher worthy of his office, and shall be called great. Jesus has just reported that he came not to destroy the law, but fulfil it.In this verse this claim is reinforced. Such divisions and distinctions would be a small matter. If Catholic Online has given you $5.00 worth of knowledge this year, take a minute to donate. the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven—shall, by that providence which watches over the honor of God's moral administration, be raised to the same position of authority and honor to which they exalt the law. John W. Ritenbaugh What if our works are good? The same conclusion is true of this commandment and also for each of the others He expands during His Sermon on the Mount. Matthew 19:5, CSB: "and he also said, "For this reason a man will leave his father and … Hence, we learn: 1. that all the law of God is binding on Christians. James also refers to the royal law as being the law of liberty. Matthew 5:17-20 A Midrash on Torah Observance Last Updated 6/14/00. 1 Corinthians 2:2 Matthew 19:5, NLT: "And he said, 'This explains why a man leaves his father and mother and is joined to his wife, and the two are united into one.'". Should we be baptized in Jesus’ name (Acts 2:38), or in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit (Matthew 28:19)? Is it possible to keep the law in its spirit without also keeping it in the letter? 1. That is the exception laid out by Jesus. Matthew 5:22 is the twenty-second verse of the fifth chapter of the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament and is part of the Sermon on the Mount.It is the first of what have traditionally been known as the 6 Antitheses.In this one, Jesus compares the current interpretation of "You shall not murder" from the Ten Commandments (Exodus 20:13; Deuteronomy 5:17) with his own interpretation. Galatians 3:19 Psalm 119:172: "All Your commandments are righteousness." Deuteronomy 8:3 Verse 1. 4. Great.—Not “greatest.” The avoidance of the latter word, interpreted by the later teaching of 18:4, would seem to have been deliberate. First be reconciled to your brother, and then come and offer your gift. Our desires of spiritual blessings must be earnest. One must first keep it in the letter before learning how to keep its spirit. They then compounded this rejection with a vain sense of self-righteous superiority that in many cases excluded any contact with people of another ethnicity, and they even brought violence against other Jewish people who disagreed—as the apostle Paul's pre-conversion conduct shows. For references for this view, see Christian views on the old covenant . #4 “Whatever you bind on earth, will be bound in heaven,”. Romans 7:6 Furthermore, they see it as a contradiction of Jesus' sinlessness (according to His own words, Matthew 5:19) for Him to have taught disobedience to any Torah command, no matter how small. N.A.S.B. This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. 2) Gospel Reading - Matthew 5:17-19. Resume Prayer. (4-6) Jesus’ first answer to the Pharisees: get back to marriage. Is there a connection between good works and keeping the law? (Matthew 5:21-26). (h) He shall have no place in the Church. And. The Bible often chides the rich who gain their wealth by unjust means, oppression, extortion, false balances, etc. Jesus expands the scope of sin in the sixth commandment from outright murder to also include a high level of anger in certain situations! (h) T. Bab. NOTE: This section of Scripture, Matthew 5:17-20, is pivotal to understanding the relationship of Messiah to the Torah, and therefore of the believer to the Torah.Thus, we have given it a section of its own. Matthew places it immediately after Jesus' exhortation, "Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works" (Matthew 5:16). Agree with your adversary quickly, while you are on the way with him, lest your adversary deliver you to the judge, the judge hand you over to the officer, and you be thrown into prison. K.J.V. About 200 years before Christ, the Pharisees seem to have arisen as a brotherhood with a sincere desire to resist the secularism into which Judaism had drifted. 4. that true piety has respect to all the commandments of God. Source material for the Gospel of Matthew seems to suggest a date of composition between 80 and 90 CE. Jesus says that in his kingdom all this vain division and tradition would cease. Pentecost represents the beginning of God writing His Word on our hearts, so that we may do and teach His commandments. Nay, they even (m) say, that if a Gentile should bid an Israelite transgress anyone of the commands mentioned in the law, excepting idolatry, adultery, and murder, he may transgress with impunity, provided it is done privately. The Sabbath is a day, the breaking of which is immoral, the keeping of which will produce liberty. A.S.V. And seeing the multitudes, he went up into a mountain: and when he was set, his disciples came … And seeing the multitudes - Τους οχλους, these multitudes, viz. The words, "It is not good that the man should be alone" have reverberated down through time to the present (Gen. 2: 18). (Part One). 3. 2. that all the commands of God should be preached, in their proper place, by Christian ministers. People would be engaged in yielding obedience to all the law of God without any such vain distinctions. Amplified® It is obvious that He is connecting good works with lawkeeping. The Ten Commandments are a unity. The Berean: Daily Verse and Comment Sign up for the Berean: Daily Verse and Comment, and have Biblical truth delivered to your inbox. the least in the kingdom of heaven; meaning either the church of God, where he shall have neither a name, nor place; he shall not be in the least esteemed, but shall be cast out as a worthless man; or the ultimate state of happiness and glory, in the other world, where he shall not enter, as is said in the next verse; but, on the other hand, whosoever shall do and teach; whose doctrine and conversation, principles and practices agree together; who both teach obedience to the law, and perform it themselves: where again he glances at the masters in Israel, and tacitly reproves them who said, but did not; taught the people what they themselves did not practise; and so were unworthy of the honour, which he that both teaches and does shall have: for. Paul was "a Pharisee of the Pharisees," and he went around throwing people into prison and, indeed, he may have even consented to the martyrdom of Stephen. NASB E-Prime In other words, a person would not be committing adultery by divorcing his spouse and marrying another person if the (ex) spouse had committed adultery. John W. Ritenbaugh 2. (4) He begins with the true expounding of the Law, and sets it against the old (but yet false) teachings of the scribes: He is in no way abolishing the least commandment of his Father. Sabbathkeeping (Part 1). It produces freedom. These verses wear on first view a Judaistic look, and have been regarded as an interpolation, or set down to the credit of an over-conservative evangelist. If you donate just $5.00, or whatever you can, Catholic Online could keep thriving for years. Are we supposed to hide them? Notice where His statement appears. In our carnality, human nature tends to make us think that keeping the Sabbath constrains us, holds us in, and keeps us from doing things. Memarim, c. 2. sect. 35. Transgressing any commandment—even the least of them—can reduce our reward in the Kingdom. Jesus magnified God's law while on earth. See Matthew 5:9. And He answered and said to them, … He went up into a mountain - That he might have the greater advantage of speaking, so as to be heard by … & 89. He experienced a wonderful and exciting blessing because Jesus understood the spirit of the law. And shall teach men so; not only teach them by their example to break the commandments, but by express orders: for however gross and absurd this may seem to be, that there should be any such teachers, and they should have any hearers, yet such there were among the Jews; and our Lord here manifestly strikes at them: for notwithstanding the great and excellent things they say of the law, yet they tell us, that the doctors of the sanhedrim had power to root anything out of the law; to loose or make void any of its commands, for a time, excepting in the case of idolatry; and so might any true prophet, or wise man; which they pretend is sometimes necessary for the glory of God, and the good of men; and they are to be heard and obeyed, when they say, transgress anyone of all the commands which are in the law (h). Christ’s view being such as indicated, He must so judge of the setter aside of any laws however small. Matthew 5:19 Context. It cannot be done. 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