110 December 16, 2018: Emerson Quartet The Eighth is probably the best known of Shostakovich’s string quartets because of its compact drama, its quotations from his own earlier works, and its pervasive use of the motto D.SCH, drawn from the initials of his first and last names. Shostakovich's String Quartet No. 10 One-Man Bands Who Didn’t Need Anyone Else, Why Iggy Azalea’s Privilege To Be “Black” Needs To Be Permanently Revoked, How Steven Wilson Made Prog Rock Cool Again, Paris, France Was the Most Successful City for Hip-Hop in 2019. The 6 note rapid succession which should sound like a firing squad is barely audible in the Victoria Conservatory recording. Dmitri Shostakovich, a composer, and pianist considered to be one of the most important composers of the 20th century, was born on September 25, 1906, in Saint Petersburg, Russia, and died on August 9, 1975, in Moscow at the age of 68 from lung cancer. Sounds like mayhem, especially due to the pace, and very violent sound of notes. google_ad_height = 60; Each section concludes with a cadence (outside of the third which directly moves into the next section) before a very brief transition into the next part of the piece. Thus there is little doubt remaining that Shostakovich considers himself a victim of fascism. Finally, the metaphor for moving from freedom to restraint in how each section is structure I think clearly expresses that the quartet was meant to be autobiographical. 4 Komar is concerned with metrical hierarchy and classifying musical events that break from that hierarchy. So much of the first movement already presents repetition: variations on the same central theme. Shostakovich: String Quartet No. In the Borodin recording it has a sardonic flavor, but in this video the ironic tone is indiscernible and lost. “Culture — Shostakovich: The Composer Who Was Almost Purged.” BBC News, BBC, 7 Aug. 2015, www.bbc.com/culture/story/20150807- shostakovich-the-composer-who-was-almost-purged. More romantic melody line heard now; sounds almost melancholy, and fearful. self-expression through the string quartet: an analysis of shostakovich’s string quartets no. 8 (Landmarks in Music Since 1950) Again there is no break from 4th to 5th movement. The String Quartet no. Chromatic scales with very high notes in violins are played very quietly as opposed to the first movement. As a result of this intense campaign against Shostakovich, his 4th symphony was not performed for 25 years — after Stalin’s death. Again I’m unsure what purpose the waltz-like nature of the 3rd movement serves. Sudden drop in volume, followed by a crescendo. This sheds light on the 4th movements, in which the KGB knocks on Shostakovich’s door. Throughout much of Shostakovich’s life, there was a constant tension between his desire to create more contemporary music and Stalin’s push for more traditional music he believed to be more compatible with his communist political beliefs and ideologies. 8in C minor, opus 110, the most loved of all Shostakovich's quartets, has a duration of about twenty minutes. Chromatic scale in violins sounds creepy and eerie. Also sounds like someone is pleading for something to stop at times. In light of this, when I listen to the first and the 5th movements again, it’s obvious that they are closely intertwined and related. In the paragraphs that follow, I will frequently refer to Arthur J. Komar 's theories of meter found in his book A Study of Metrical and Pitch Relations in TonalMusic. Back to the original 4 notes, and to same way that the first movement starts. In the 4th movement, the mood seems very tense and hesitant at the same time. Again goes to exactly how 4th movement started. The 4th movement can either refer to a firing squad again, but most likely to the KGB knocking on Shostakovich’s door. The ending of the first movement is a decrescendo followed by a very rapid crescendo that leads right into the second movement. Also interesting is that Bach used a similar BACH motif in many of his pieces.

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